Issue 2

Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety

Volume 1, Issue 2, June 2015, Pages 12–14

ISSN 2411-3174 (print version) ISSN 2411-0388 (online version)


Polak M. P., Zmudzinski J. F.

National Veterinary Research Institute, Pulawy, Poland e-mail:

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Citation for print version: Polak M. P. and Zmudzinski J. F. (2015) ‘Epidemiology of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle in Poland’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety, 1(2), pp. 12–14.

Download PDF (online version)

Citation for online version: Polak M. P. and Zmudzinski J. F. (2015) ‘Epidemiology of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle in Poland’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. [Online] 1(2), pp. 12–14. Available at:

Summary. The aim of the paper was to present the epidemiological situation regarding BSE epidemic in Poland with respect to cattle population, active surveillance and the control measures. Epidemiological data from the archives of the national reference laboratory for animal TSEs at the National Veterinary Research Institute and from the archives of the General Veterinary Inspectorate in Warsaw were used in the study. Between 2001 and the end of April 2015 BSE was diagnosed in 75 animals. Sixty one cases were classical BSE and 14 were atypical BSE (12 of L-type and 2 of H-type). Almost 6 million animals were tested using rapid tests. Dynamics of C-type BSE shows constant rise until 2005 when the highest number of cases (20) was recorded with sharp drop in the following years. Prevalence of atypical BSE shows stable trend with slight fluctuations. Traditional feeding was used in 65 and 90% of classical and atypical BSE cases, respectively. On the other hand, traditional feed was supplemented with MBM and milk replacers in 46 and 10% of classical and atypical BSE cases, respectively. Despite the high infectious load introduced into Poland especially with MBM, the number of cases was relatively low. In Poland, relatively high number of atypical BSE cases was recorded, comprising 19% of all BSE-positive animals. Mean age of classical BSE cases diagnosed annually does not show a decreasing trend which may reflect the late introduction of feed ban in Poland.

Keywords: bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Poland, prevalence, prion protein, control measures


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