Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety
Volume 2, Issue 1, May 2016, Pages 11–15
ISSN 2411-3174 (print version) ISSN 2411-0388 (online version)
THE VALIDATION OF ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY FOR DIAGNOSIS LEPTOSPIROSIS AMONG DOGS, PIGS AND CATTLE
Pyskun A. V. 1, Spiridonov V. G. 2, Ukhovskyi V. V. 1, Rybalchenko D. Y. 2, Homenko Y. V. 2
1 Institute of Veterinary Medicine, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Ukrainian Laboratory of Quality and Safety of Agricultural Products, Kyiv, Ukraine
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Citation for print version: Pyskun, A. V., Spiridonov, V. G., Ukhovskyi, V. V., Rybalchenko, D. Y. and Homenko, Y. V. (2016) ‘The validation of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnosis Leptospirosis among dogs, pigs and cattle’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety, 2(1), pp. 11–15.
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Citation for online version: Pyskun, A. V., Spiridonov, V. G., Ukhovskyi, V. V., Rybalchenko, D. Y. and Homenko, Y. V. (2016) ‘The validation of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnosis Leptospirosis among dogs, pigs and cattle’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. [Online] 2(1), pp. 11–15. Available at: http://jvmbbs.kharkov.ua/archive/2016/volume2/issue1/oJVMBBS_2016021_011-015.pdf
Summary. This study was aimed to develop a modification of ELISA for the diagnosis of leptospirosis in animals that would correspond to the following requirements: 1) ability to detect antibodies to all serogroups of Leptospira that are recommended for the diagnosis of this zoonoses in Ukraine (high sensitivity and specificity); 2) minimization of the risk of laboratory-acquired infection at the preparation of reagents for ELISA and its conducting. The article presents the results of validation of ELISA for the diagnosis of leptospirosis among dogs, pigs, and cattle. During the validation, several technological stages were conducted. The first stage was carried out by selection and determination of the optimal concentration and titers of the main components of ELISA (antigen, enzyme conjugate, enzyme substrate, and blocking substance), and the second stage — by statistical analysis of the results after testing ELISA on the reference panel of sera blood samples. Established that the sensitivity of the developed ELISA test is less than its specificity (89.8% against 96.7%), but the general efficiency of this method is high and equals 93.6%.
Keywords: leptospirosis, microscopic agglutination test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, validation, titer
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