Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety

Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Pages 11–14

ISSN 2411-3174 (print version) ISSN 2411-0388 (online version)


Lyulin P. V., Fedorova O. V.

Kharkiv State Zooveterinary Academy, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail:,

Download PDF (print version)

Citation for print version: Lyulin, P. V. and Fedorova, O. V. (2019) ‘Zoonotic intestinal fluke diseases of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Ukraine’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety, 5(2), pp. 11–14.

Download PDF (online version)

Citation for online version: Lyulin, P. V. and Fedorova, O. V. (2019) ‘Zoonotic intestinal fluke diseases of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Ukraine’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. [Online] 5(2), pp. 11–14. DOI: 10.36016/JVMBBS-2019-5-2-2.

Summary. The aim of the work was to study the epizootic situation on the occurrence of intestinal fluke diseases in foxes in Eastern Ukraine. The epizootic situation regarding fox fluke diseases was studied in vivo according to the results of feces coproscopy and posthumously by a partial helminthological autopsy according to K. I. Scrjabin. In total, 213 samples of feces from foxes were collected and examined by helminthologic methods. As a result of the research, the wide spread of intestinal fluke diseases was found in foxes of Eastern Ukraine. Two trematode species, Alaria alata and Nanophyetus salmincola, were found in foxes of the forest-steppe zone. In the Eastern Ukraine, the invasion of foxes with A. alata reaches 67.13%, mean intensity — from 2 to 38 eggs per microscopic field, median intensity — 12.7 ± 1.7. The invasion of foxes with N. salmincola is insignificant: prevalence — 0.93% with mean intensity — 1–8 eggs per microscopic field (median intensity — 4.5 ± 2.5). In the forest-steppe geographical zone of Eastern Ukraine, alariasis was found in 91.24% of foxes with low, medium, and high levels of mean intensity — from 3 to 47 eggs per microscopic field (median intensity — 16.5 ±1.0). Nanophyetiasis was detected in two foxes (prevalence — 1.45%) with median intensity — 4.5 ± 2.5 eggs per microscopic field.

Keywords: foxes, alariasis, nanophyetiasis, Ukraine


Andreyanov, O. N., Uspensky, A. V., Gorokhov, V. V., Khrustalyov, A. V. and Bundina, L. A. (2016) ‘Helminthozoonozis of trade carnivores of the Central region of Russia’ [Gel’mintozoonozy promyslovykh plotoyadnykh zhivotnykh Tsentral’nogo regiona Rossii], Theory and Practice of Parasitic Disease Control [Teoriya i praktika bor’by s parazitarnymi boleznyami], 17, pp. 25–26. Available at: [in Russian]

Banik, M. V., Skorobogatov, Ye. V. and Atemasov, A. A. (2009) ‘Features of the biotope distribution of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) in Ukraine’ [Osobennosti biotopicheskogo raspredeleniya obyknovennoy lisitsy (Vulpes vulpes L.) v Ukraine], Reading in memoriam A. P. Krapivny [Chteniya pamyati A. P. Krapivnogo]. Kharkov: Kharkov National University, pp. 117–128. [in Russian]

Borecka, A., Gavor, J., Malczewska, M. and Malczewski, A. (2009) ‘Prevalence of zoonotic helminths parasites of the small intestine in red foxes from central Poland’ Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 65(1). pp. 33–35. Available at:

Bružinskaitė-Schmidhalter, R., Šarkūnas, M., Malakauskas, A., Mathis, A., Torgerson, P. R. and Deplazes, P. (2012) ‘Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Lithuania’, Parasitology, 139(1), pp. 120–127. doi:

Cherepanov, A. A., Moskvin, A. S., Kotelnikov, G. A. and Khrenov, V. M. (2001) Differential diagnostics of helminthoses on the morphological structure of eggs and larvae of pathogens: atlas [Differentsial’naya diagnostika gel’mintozov po morfologicheskoy strukture yaits i lichinok vozbuditeley: atlas]. Moscow: Kolos. ISBN 5100037393. [in Russian]

Criado-Fornelio, A., Gutierrez-Garcia, L., Rodriguez-Caabeiro, F., Reus-Garcia, E., Roldan-Soriano, M. A. and Diaz-Sanchez, M. A. (2000) ‘A parasitological survey of wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from the province of Guadalajara, Spain’, Veterinary Parasitology, 92(4), pp. 245–251. doi:

Davidova, O. E. and Shemyakov, D. N. (2015) ‘Comparative analysis helminth fauna of foxes at the Kamchatka Territory and Samara Region’ [Sravnitel’nyy analiz gel’mintofauny lisits Kamchatskogo kraya i Samarskoy oblasti], Theory and Practice of Parasitic Disease Control [Teoriya i praktika bor’by s parazitarnymi boleznyami], 16, pp. 117–119. Available at: [in Russian]

Eira, C., Vingada, J., Torres, J. and Miquel, J. (2006) ‘The helminth community of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes, in Dunas de Mira (Portugal) and its effect on host condition’, Wildlife Biology in Practice, 2(1), pp. 26–36. doi:

Esīte, Z., Deksne, G. and Bagrade, G. (2012) ‘Overview of Alaria alata distribution in different host animals in Latvia’, Animals. Health. Food Hygiene. Proceedings of Conference on ‘Current Events in Veterinary Research and Practice’ (Jelgava, Latvia, 22–23 November 2012). Jelgava, 2012, pp. 36–39. Available at:

Gicik, Yu., Kara, M., Sari, B., Kiliç, K. and Arslan, M. Ö. (2009) ‘Intestinal parasites of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and their zoonotic importance for humans in Kars province’ Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi, 15(1), pp. 135–140. doi:

KhRDFH (Kharkiv Regional Department of Forestry and Hunting). (2017). Dynamics of the number of ungulates and fur [Dynamika chyselnosti kopytnykh i khutrovykh]. Available at: [in Ukrainian]

Klimov, O. V., Klimov, D. O. and Gaidrich, І. M. (2015) ‘Problems of reserve affair development in the Kharkiv region’ [Problemy rozvytku zapovidnoi spravy u Kharkivskii oblasti], Problems of Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety [Problemy okhorony navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha ta ekolohichnoi bezpeky], 37, pp. 33–47. Available at: [in Ukrainian]

Kozlov, D. P. (1977) Key to helminths of carnivorous mammals of the USSR [Opredelitel’ gel’mintov khishchnykh mlekopitayushchikh SSSR]. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]

Loos-Frank, B. and Zeyhle, E. (1982) ‘The intestinal helminths of the red fox and some other carnivores in Southwest Germany’, Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 67(1), pp. 99–113. doi:

Malysheva, N. S., Samofalova, N. A., Vlasov, Ye. A., Vagin, N. A., Elizarov, A. S., Borzosekov, A. N. and Gladkikh, K. A. (2013) ‘To the question of the relevance of the study of alariosis (mesocercariosis) in the territory of the Kursk region’ [K voprosu ob aktual’nosti izucheniya alyarioza (mezotserkarioza) na territorii Kurskoy oblasti], Scientific Notes: the Online Academic Journal of Kursk State University [Uchenye zapiski. Elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal Kurskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta], 27(1), pp. 1–5. Available at: [in Russian]

Murphy, T. M., O’Connell, J., Berzano, M., Dold, C., Keegan, J. D., McCann, A., Murphy, D. and Holden, N. M. (2012) ‘The prevalence and distribution of Alaria alata, a potential zoonotic parasite, in foxes in Ireland’, Parasitology Research, 111(1), pp. 283–290. doi:

Papadopoulos, H., Himonas, C., Papazahariadou, M. and Antoniadou-Sotiriadou, K. (1997) ‘Helminths of foxes and other wild carnivores from rural areas in Greece’, Journal of Helminthology, 71(3), pp. 227–232. doi:

Romashov, B. V., Nikulin, P. I. and Lesnikov, A. I. (2009) ‘Predatory mammals are reserves of zoonotic helminths (on the red fox as example)’ [Khishchnye mlekopitayushchie — rezerventy zoonoznykh gel’mintov (na primere lisitsy)], Theory and Practice of Parasitic Disease Control [Teoriya i praktika bor’by s parazitarnymi boleznyami], 10, pp. 315–317. Available at: [in Russian]

Thienpont, D., Rochette, F. and Vanparijs, O. F. J. (1986) Diagnosing helminthiasis by coprological examination. 2nd ed. Beerse: Janssen Research Foundation

Tokarsky, V. A., Grubnik, V. V. and Tokarskaya, N. V. (2016) ‘Features of biology and morphology of common fox Vulpes vulpes L. (1758) in the Kharkiv Region’ [Osobennosti biologii i morfologii obyknovennoy lisitsy Vulpes vulpes L. (1758) v Khar’kovskoy oblasti], The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series ‘Biology’ [Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Seriia ‘Biolohiia’], 27, pp. 80–90. Available at: [in Russian]

Trusova, A. V. (2009) Alariasis of carnivores in the Central region of the Non-Black Earth Zone of the Russian Federation: pathogen biology, epizootology, pathogenesis and treatment [Alyarioz plotoyadnykh v Tsentral’nom rayone Nechernozemnoy zony Rossiyskoy Federatsii: biologiya vozbuditelya, epizootologiya, patogenez i lechenie]. The dissertation thesis for the scientific degree of the candidate of veterinary sciences. Ivanovo: Ivanovo State Agrarian Academy. Available at: [in Russian].