Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety

Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages 22–26

ISSN 2411-3174 (print version) ISSN 2411-0388 (online version)


Soltys M. P., Rudyk H. V., Gunchak V. M., Gutyi B. V.

Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, Lviv, Ukraine, е-mail:

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Citation for print version: Soltys, M. P., Rudyk, H. V., Gunchak, V. M. and Gutyi, B. V. (2019) ‘Embryotoxic and teratogenic effects of ‘Vitosept’ on white rats’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety, 5(4), pp. 22–26.

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Citation for online version: Soltys, M. P., Rudyk, H. V., Gunchak, V. M. and Gutyi, B. V. (2019) ‘Embryotoxic and teratogenic effects of ‘Vitosept’ on white rats’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. [Online] 5(4), pp. 22–26. DOI: 10.36016/JVMBBS-2019-5-4-6.

Summary. The effect of ‘Vitosept’ drug, based on sodium hypochlorite solution with high purity, obtained in a specially developed membraneless flow electrolyzer, on the embryotoxic and teratogenic properties in rats was investigated. To determine the embryotoxic effect of ‘Vitosept’ on the development of white rats offspring of the 1st generation, control and three experimental groups (G1, G2, G3) were formed from pregnant females. The females of the control group with a blunt probe were injected daily for 30 days with 5 ml of isotonic sodium chloride solution, and experimental ones with 5 ml of ‘Vitosept’ drug with different concentration of high purity sodium hypochlorite: Group I (G1) — 50 mg/l; Group II (G2) — 100 mg/l; Group III (G3) — 500 mg/l. The animals were observed. During the observation the condition and behavior of the females, the dynamics of body weight change, duration of pregnancy, and the course of birth were monitored. The results of the experiment were recorded after the slaughter of pregnant females (20th day of pregnancy) and in the postnatal period of development of the offspring. Studies have shown that the use of different concentrations of the drug ‘Vitosept’ in rats for 30 days before and during pregnancy has no embryotoxic and teratogenic effects. According to the indicators of the total, pre- and postimplantation lethality of embryos, there were no reliable changes in the structure and morphometry of internal organs and tissues in 20-day-old fetuses, and their development corresponded to the terms of pregnancy. There was no significant difference between the fertility of female rats in the test and control groups. The average number of fetuses per female was within 9 animals. The rats obtained from the females of the experimental groups were viable and did not lag behind in growth and development compared with the control animals, which generally characterizes the studied drug ‘Vitosept’ as non-toxic, lacking embryotoxic and teratogenic action

Keywords: sodium hypochlorite, white rats, embryotoxic effect, teratogenic action


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