Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety

Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023, Pages 7–13

ISSN 2411-3174 (print version) ISSN 2411-0388 (online version)


Kolesnyk O. S.

National Scientific Center ‘Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine’, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail:

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Citation for print version: Kolesnyk, O. S. (2023) ‘Avulovirus circulation among wild birds in Ukraine in 2017–2020’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety, 9(4), pp. 7–13.

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Citation for online version: Kolesnyk, O. S. (2023) ‘Avulovirus circulation among wild birds in Ukraine in 2017–2020’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. [Online] 9(4), pp. 7–13. DOI: 10.36016/JVMBBS-2023-9-4-2.

Summary. In 2017–2020, virological monitoring of the circulation of avian avuloviruses among wild waterfowl and shorebirds of 53 species belonging to 8 families was conducted in the northern (Chernihiv) and southern (Odesa, Kherson, Zaporizhzhia, and Mykolaiv) regions of Ukraine. Since almost the entire territory of Ukraine lies within the main bird migration routes, a significant number of shorebirds nest and winter in the south of our country, and in fact, the entire south of Ukraine is at high risk of spreading pathogens that can be transmitted by birds, including avulovirus infections, throughout the year. A variety of avian avuloviruses are widely distributed among different hosts, but there is a large knowledge gap in understanding the movement of these viruses in wild populations. The results of virological monitoring showed that avuloviruses of different serotypes are actively circulating among wild birds of different ecological groups. During this period, 39 isolates of avuloviruses were isolated from wild birds. Based on the serologic identification results, it was found that most avulovirus isolates (n = 18) had cross-reactions, accounting for 46.15%. A total of 9 isolates belonged to AaV‑1, accounting for 23.07%. 5 isolates belonged to AaV‑4, which is 12.8%. 2 isolates belonged to AaV‑9, which is 5.12%. AaV‑6 and AaV‑7 had two isolates each, which together accounted for 10.24%. 1 isolate belonged to AaV‑3, which is 2.56%. It was also found that the highest number of isolates was isolated during wintering — 23 isolates and during autumn migration — 10 isolates, and the lowest number during nesting and spring migration, 4 and 2 isolates, respectively. The infection rate of wild birds with avuloviruses ranged from 0.13% to 11.76%. The most infected with avuloviruses were the species of common lamb (11.76%), and the least infected were the gray goose (0.13%)

Keywords: hemagglutination inhibition assay, natural reservoir, monitoring


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