Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety
Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Pages 15–21
ISSN 2411-3174 (print version) ISSN 2411-0388 (online version)
VALIDATION OF ANTHRAX SPECIFIC pagA QUANTITATIVE PCR FOR DETECTION OF BACILLUS ANTHRACIS pXO1 PLASMID
Biloivan O. V. 1, Stegniy B. T. 1, Gerilovych A. P. 1, Solodiankin O. S. 1, Popp C. 2, Schwarz J. 2
1 National Scientific Center ‘Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine’, Kharkiv, Ukraine, e-mail: email@example.com
2 Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany
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Citation for print version: Biloivan, O. V., Stegniy, B. T., Gerilovych, A. P., Solodiankin, O. S., Popp, C. and Schwarz, J. (2019) ‘Validation of Anthrax specific pagA quantitative PCR for detection of Bacillus anthracis pXO1 plasmid’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety, 5(2), pp. 15–21.
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Citation for online version: Biloivan, O. V., Stegniy, B. T., Gerilovych, A. P., Solodiankin, O. S., Popp, C. and Schwarz, J. (2019) ‘Validation of Anthrax specific pagA quantitative PCR for detection of Bacillus anthracis pXO1 plasmid’, Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety. [Online] 5(2), pp. 15–21. DOI: .
Summary. This paper represents qPCR validation results for the detection of Bacillus anthracis pagA pXO1 plasmid marker. The aim of the work was to transfer, implement and validate anthrax specific pagA qPCR assay for the detection of pagA, the genetic marker of the pXO1 plasmid of Bacillus anthracis. qPCR was conducted using the Applied Biosystems Fast 7500 Real-time PCR system including Applied Biosystem specific reagents (AmpliTaq Gold). Anthrax pXO1 pagA primers (pagA_forward, pagA_reverse) and TaqMan pagA probe. Data analysis and statistical calculations were performed using Microsoft Excel. The limit of detection (probit analysis) was calculated using the Statgraphics software. Robustness of qPCR was adjusted by optimization of amplification parameters (annealing temperature) and concentration of reaction components (MgCl2, primers, probe and Taq polymerase). In order to test the repeatability and precision of the qPCR assay after optimization, the variation within the experiment (Intra-assay variability) and between several independent experiments (Inter-assay variability) was evaluated. Probit analysis with serial dilutions of positive control with five replicates per dilution was carried out to define the 95% limit of detection (LOD). To determine if the CT value correlates with the amount of template DNA, the linearity of qPCR was analyzed. The standard curve was generated and the linear regression line and the coefficient of correlation (R2) were calculated. To define the ability to detect sequence of interest (sensitivity), we tested mixed panel of Bacillus anthracis DNAs. As the result, pagA marker could be detected in all tested strains . To find out the specificity of our assay, we also tested DNA of various strains of B. cereus, B. thuringiensis, B. mycoides, and B. globigii (potential cross-reacting organisms) as well as DNA samples of various pathogenic bacteria and viruses which cause similar clinical symptoms as anthrax (differential diagnosis relevant organisms).
Keywords: anthrax, plasmid, validation, quantitative PCR
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